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Windows 10

Releases and Editions

Windows Apps

WinGet

Example:

winget install powertoys 

File Recovery

Store: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/p/windows-file-recovery/9n26s50ln705?activetab=pivot:overviewtab

Recover a specific file from your C: drive to the recovery folder on an E: drive.

winfr C: E: /n \Users\<username>\Documents\QuarterlyStatement.docx

Recover jpeg and png photos from your Pictures folder to the recovery folder on an E: drive.

winfr C: E: /n \Users\<username>\Pictures\*.JPEG /n \Users\<username>\Pictures\*.PNG

Recover your Documents folder from your C: drive to the recovery folder on an E: drive.

winfr C: E: /n \Users\<username>\Documents\ 

Recover PDF and Word files from your C: drive to the recovery folder on an E: drive.

winfr C: E: /r /n *.pdf /n *.docx

Recover any file with the string "invoice" in the filename by using wildcard characters.

winfr C: E: /r /n *invoice* 

Snip & Sketch

Windows + Shift + S

Windows Terminal

Open a new Terminal Window with powershell 7, cmd and WSL (in my case ubuntu)

wt -p "PowerShell 7" `; split-pane -p "cmd" `; split-pane -H wsl.exe

Customized command prompt

Install the required modules

Install-Module posh-git -Scope CurrentUser
Install-Module oh-my-posh -Scope CurrentUser

Check available themes:

Get-PoshThemes

If this doesn't look good install a font that works e.g. NerdFonts.

Now update $PROFILE to load modules with every start

echo "Import-Module posh-git") >> $PROFILE
echo "Import-Module oh-my-posh" >> $PROFILE

Add the Theme you like as well e.g. paradox:

echo "Set-PoshPrompt -Theme paradox" >> $PROFILE

settings.json

Edit the "settings.json" and add under "profiles", "defaults" a line for a font you like e.g.:

"fontFace": "MesloLGM NF"

WSL

Some helpful commands:

  • Check for updates: wsl --update
  • List all available WSL distributions: wsl --list --online
  • List locally installed distros: wsl --list --verbose
  • Install a distribution: wsl --install -d Ubuntu-20.04
  • Delete Distro: wsl --unregister Ubuntu-18.04
  • Set default distro: wsl --set-default Ubuntu-20.04
  • Open WSL in pwsh: wsl --distribution Ubuntu-20.04 --user fab1
  • Change distro to version 2 wsl --set-version kali-linux 2*

wsl --distribution Ubuntu-20.04 --user fab1

*This may require installing the following

(New-Object System.Net.WebClient).DownloadFile("https://wslstorestorage.blob.core.windows.net/wslblob/wsl_update_x64.msi", "wsl_update_x64.msi") 
Start-Process msiexec.exe -Wait -ArgumentList '/I wsl_update_x64.msi /quiet'

Mount Linux File System

List devices (choose the drive you want to mount) wmic diskdrive list brief, then mount partition 1 of "PHYSICALDRIVE3" and open it:

wsl --mount \\.\PHYSICALDRIVE3 --partition 1
wsl
cd /mnt/wsl/PHYSICALDRIVE3p1/

Troubleshooting

Fixing Windows 10 issues

Windows 10 boots in Recovery Mode

Recovery Deaktivieren

Problembehandlung -> Eingabeaufforderung -> command:

bcdedit /set {current} recoveryenabled No

Fix MBR

Problembehandlung -> Eingabeaufforderung -> commands:

bootrec.exe /fixmbr
bootrec.exe /fixboot
bootrec.exe /rebuildbcd

Sektor bzw. Festplatten reparieren Problembehandlung -> Eingabeaufforderung -> command:

chkdsk /f /r

Windows 10 abgesicherten Modus

Problembehandlung“, dann „Erweiterte Optionen“, dann „Starteinstellungen“, dann „Neu starten“ Drücke auf „F5-Taste“, um Abgesicherten Modus mit Netzwerktreibern zu aktivieren.

launch-settings URI

Source: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/uwp/launch-resume/launch-settings-app

Accounts

Settings page URI
Access work or school ms-settings:workplace
Email & app accounts ms-settings:emailandaccounts
Family & other people ms-settings:otherusers
Set up a kiosk ms-settings:assignedaccess
Sign-in options ms-settings:signinoptions
ms-settings:signinoptions-dynamiclock
Sync your settings ms-settings:sync
Windows Hello setup ms-settings:signinoptions-launchfaceenrollment
ms-settings:signinoptions-launchfingerprintenrollment
Your info ms-settings:yourinfo

Apps

Settings page URI
Apps & Features ms-settings:appsfeatures
App features ms-settings:appsfeatures-app (Reset, manage add-on & downloadable content, etc. for the app)
Apps for websites ms-settings:appsforwebsites
Default apps ms-settings:defaultapps
Manage optional features ms-settings:optionalfeatures
Offline Maps ms-settings:maps
ms-settings:maps-downloadmaps (Download maps)
Startup apps ms-settings:startupapps
Video playback ms-settings:videoplayback

Cortana

Settings page URI
Cortana across my devices ms-settings:cortana-notifications
More details ms-settings:cortana-moredetails
Permissions & History ms-settings:cortana-permissions
Searching Windows ms-settings:cortana-windowssearch
Talk to Cortana ms-settings:cortana-language
ms-settings:cortana
ms-settings:cortana-talktocortana

Devices

Settings page URI
AutoPlay ms-settings:autoplay
Bluetooth ms-settings:bluetooth
Connected Devices ms-settings:connecteddevices
Default camera ms-settings:camera (Deprecated in Windows 10, version 1809 and later)
Mouse & touchpad ms-settings:mousetouchpad (touchpad settings only available on devices that have a touchpad)
Pen & Windows Ink ms-settings:pen
Printers & scanners ms-settings:printers
Touchpad ms-settings:devices-touchpad (only available if touchpad hardware is present)
Typing ms-settings:typing
USB ms-settings:usb
Wheel ms-settings:wheel (only available if Dial is paired)
Your phone ms-settings:mobile-devices

Ease of access

Settings page URI
Audio ms-settings:easeofaccess-audio
Closed captions ms-settings:easeofaccess-closedcaptioning
Color filters ms-settings:easeofaccess-colorfilter
Cursor & pointer size ms-settings:easeofaccess-cursorandpointersize
Display ms-settings:easeofaccess-display
Eye control ms-settings:easeofaccess-eyecontrol
Fonts ms-settings:fonts
High contrast ms-settings:easeofaccess-highcontrast
Keyboard ms-settings:easeofaccess-keyboard
Magnifier ms-settings:easeofaccess-magnifier
Mouse ms-settings:easeofaccess-mouse
Narrator ms-settings:easeofaccess-narrator
Other options ms-settings:easeofaccess-otheroptions (Deprecated in Windows 10, version 1809 and later)
Speech ms-settings:easeofaccess-speechrecognition

Extras

Settings page URI
Extras ms-settings:extras (only available if "settings apps" are installed, for example, by a 3rd party)
Settings home page ms-settings:

Gaming

Settings page URI
Broadcasting ms-settings:gaming-broadcasting
Game bar ms-settings:gaming-gamebar
Game DVR ms-settings:gaming-gamedvr
Game Mode ms-settings:gaming-gamemode
Playing a game full screen ms-settings:quietmomentsgame
TruePlay ms-settings:gaming-trueplay (As of Windows 10, version 1809 (10.0; Build 17763), this feature is removed from Windows)
Xbox Networking ms-settings:gaming-xboxnetworking

Mixed reality

Settings page URI
Audio and speech ms-settings:holographic-audio
Environment ms-settings:privacy-holographic-environment
Headset display ms-settings:holographic-headset
Uninstall ms-settings:holographic-management

Network and internet

Settings page URI
Airplane mode ms-settings:network-airplanemode
ms-settings:proximity
Cellular & SIM ms-settings:network-cellular
Data usage ms-settings:datausage
Dial-up ms-settings:network-dialup
DirectAccess ms-settings:network-directaccess (only available if DirectAccess is enabled)
Ethernet ms-settings:network-ethernet
Manage known networks ms-settings:network-wifisettings
Mobile hotspot ms-settings:network-mobilehotspot
NFC ms-settings:nfctransactions
Proxy ms-settings:network-proxy
Status ms-settings:network-status
ms-settings:network
VPN ms-settings:network-vpn
Wi-Fi ms-settings:network-wifi (only available if the device has a wifi adapter)
Wi-Fi Calling ms-settings:network-wificalling (only available if Wi-Fi calling is enabled)

Personalization

Settings page URI
Background ms-settings:personalization-background
Choose which folders appear on Start ms-settings:personalization-start-places
Colors ms-settings:personalization-colors
ms-settings:colors
Glance ms-settings:personalization-glance (Deprecated in Windows 10, version 1809 and later)
Lock screen ms-settings:lockscreen
Navigation bar ms-settings:personalization-navbar (Deprecated in Windows 10, version 1809 and later)
Personalization (category) ms-settings:personalization
Start ms-settings:personalization-start
Taskbar ms-settings:taskbar
Themes ms-settings:themes

Phone

Settings page URI
Your phone ms-settings:mobile-devices
ms-settings:mobile-devices-addphone
ms-settings:mobile-devices-addphone-direct (Opens Your Phone app)

Privacy

Settings page URI
Accessory apps ms-settings:privacy-accessoryapps (Deprecated in Windows 10, version 1809 and later)
Account info ms-settings:privacy-accountinfo
Activity history ms-settings:privacy-activityhistory
Advertising ID ms-settings:privacy-advertisingid (Deprecated in Windows 10, version 1809 and later)
App diagnostics ms-settings:privacy-appdiagnostics
Automatic file downloads ms-settings:privacy-automaticfiledownloads
Background Apps ms-settings:privacy-backgroundapps
Calendar ms-settings:privacy-calendar
Call history ms-settings:privacy-callhistory
Camera ms-settings:privacy-webcam
Contacts ms-settings:privacy-contacts
Documents ms-settings:privacy-documents
Email ms-settings:privacy-email
Eye tracker ms-settings:privacy-eyetracker (requires eyetracker hardware)
Feedback & diagnostics ms-settings:privacy-feedback
File system ms-settings:privacy-broadfilesystemaccess
General ms-settings:privacy or ms-settings:privacy-general
Inking & typing ms-settings:privacy-speechtyping
Location ms-settings:privacy-location
Messaging ms-settings:privacy-messaging
Microphone ms-settings:privacy-microphone
Motion ms-settings:privacy-motion
Notifications ms-settings:privacy-notifications
Other devices ms-settings:privacy-customdevices
Phone calls ms-settings:privacy-phonecalls
Pictures ms-settings:privacy-pictures
Radios ms-settings:privacy-radios
Speech ms-settings:privacy-speech
Tasks ms-settings:privacy-tasks
Videos ms-settings:privacy-videos
Voice activation ms-settings:privacy-voiceactivation

Surface Hub

Settings page URI
Accounts ms-settings:surfacehub-accounts
Session cleanup ms-settings:surfacehub-sessioncleanup
Team Conferencing ms-settings:surfacehub-calling
Team device management ms-settings:surfacehub-devicemanagenent
Welcome screen ms-settings:surfacehub-welcome

System

Settings page URI
About ms-settings:about
Advanced display settings ms-settings:display-advanced (only available on devices that support advanced display options)
App volume and device preferences ms-settings:apps-volume (Added in Windows 10, version 1903)
Battery Saver ms-settings:batterysaver (only available on devices that have a battery, such as a tablet)
Battery Saver settings ms-settings:batterysaver-settings (only available on devices that have a battery, such as a tablet)
Battery use ms-settings:batterysaver-usagedetails (only available on devices that have a battery, such as a tablet)
Clipboard ms-settings:clipboard
Display ms-settings:display
Default Save Locations ms-settings:savelocations
Display ms-settings:screenrotation
Duplicating my display ms-settings:quietmomentspresentation
During these hours ms-settings:quietmomentsscheduled
Encryption ms-settings:deviceencryption
Focus assist ms-settings:quiethours
ms-settings:quietmomentshome
Graphics Settings ms-settings:display-advancedgraphics (only available on devices that support advanced graphics options)
Messaging ms-settings:messaging
Multitasking ms-settings:multitasking
Night light settings ms-settings:nightlight
Phone ms-settings:phone-defaultapps
Projecting to this PC ms-settings:project
Shared experiences ms-settings:crossdevice
Tablet mode ms-settings:tabletmode
Taskbar ms-settings:taskbar
Notifications & actions ms-settings:notifications
Remote Desktop ms-settings:remotedesktop
Phone ms-settings:phone (Deprecated in Windows 10, version 1809 and later)
Power & sleep ms-settings:powersleep
Sound ms-settings:sound
Storage ms-settings:storagesense
Storage Sense ms-settings:storagepolicies

Time and language

Settings page URI
Date & time ms-settings:dateandtime
Japan IME settings ms-settings:regionlanguage-jpnime (available if the Microsoft Japan input method editor is installed)
Region ms-settings:regionformatting
Language ms-settings:keyboard
ms-settings:regionlanguage
ms-settings:regionlanguage-bpmfime
ms-settings:regionlanguage-cangjieime
ms-settings:regionlanguage-chsime-pinyin-domainlexicon
ms-settings:regionlanguage-chsime-pinyin-keyconfig
ms-settings:regionlanguage-chsime-pinyin-udp
ms-settings:regionlanguage-chsime-wubi-udp
ms-settings:regionlanguage-quickime
Pinyin IME settings ms-settings:regionlanguage-chsime-pinyin (available if the Microsoft Pinyin input method editor is installed)
Speech ms-settings:speech
Wubi IME settings ms-settings:regionlanguage-chsime-wubi (available if the Microsoft Wubi input method editor is installed)

Update and security

Settings page URI
Activation ms-settings:activation
Backup ms-settings:backup
Delivery Optimization ms-settings:delivery-optimization
Find My Device ms-settings:findmydevice
For developers ms-settings:developers
Recovery ms-settings:recovery
Troubleshoot ms-settings:troubleshoot
Windows Security ms-settings:windowsdefender
Windows Insider Program ms-settings:windowsinsider (only present if user is enrolled in WIP)
ms-settings:windowsinsider-optin
Windows Update ms-settings:windowsupdate
ms-settings:windowsupdate-action
Windows Update-Advanced options ms-settings:windowsupdate-options
Windows Update-Restart options ms-settings:windowsupdate-restartoptions
Windows Update-View update history ms-settings:windowsupdate-history

User accounts

Settings page URI
Provisioning ms-settings:workplace-provisioning (only available if enterprise has deployed a provisioning package)
Provisioning ms-settings:provisioning (only available on mobile and if the enterprise has deployed a provisioning package)
Windows Anywhere ms-settings:windowsanywhere (device must be Windows Anywhere-capable)

CLSID Key (GUID) Shortcuts List

Source: https://docs.microsoft.com/de-de/windows/win32/com/clsid-key-hklm

Run this as follows:

# Template
explorer shell:::{CLSID key}
explorer /e,::{CLSID key}

# Example
explorer shell:::{ED7BA470-8E54-465E-825C-99712043E01C}
Opens CLSID key (GUID) shortcut
3D Objects (folder) {0DB7E03F-FC29-4DC6-9020-FF41B59E513A}
Add Network Location {D4480A50-BA28-11d1-8E75-00C04FA31A86}
Administrative Tools {D20EA4E1-3957-11d2-A40B-0C5020524153}
Applications {4234d49b-0245-4df3-b780-3893943456e1}
AutoPlay {9C60DE1E-E5FC-40f4-A487-460851A8D915}
Backup and Restore (Windows 7) {B98A2BEA-7D42-4558-8BD1-832F41BAC6FD}
BitLocker Drive Encryption {D9EF8727-CAC2-4e60-809E-86F80A666C91}
Bluetooth Devices {28803F59-3A75-4058-995F-4EE5503B023C}
Color Management {B2C761C6-29BC-4f19-9251-E6195265BAF1}
Command Folder {437ff9c0-a07f-4fa0-af80-84b6c6440a16}
Common Places FS Folder {d34a6ca6-62c2-4c34-8a7c-14709c1ad938}
Control Panel {5399E694-6CE5-4D6C-8FCE-1D8870FDCBA0}
Control Panel (All Tasks) {ED7BA470-8E54-465E-825C-99712043E01C}
Control Panel (always Category view) {26EE0668-A00A-44D7-9371-BEB064C98683}
Appearance and Personalization {26EE0668-A00A-44D7-9371-BEB064C98683}\1
Clock and Region {26EE0668-A00A-44D7-9371-BEB064C98683}\6
Ease of Access {26EE0668-A00A-44D7-9371-BEB064C98683}\7
Hardware and Sound {26EE0668-A00A-44D7-9371-BEB064C98683}\2
Network and Internet {26EE0668-A00A-44D7-9371-BEB064C98683}\3
Programs {26EE0668-A00A-44D7-9371-BEB064C98683}\8
System and Security {26EE0668-A00A-44D7-9371-BEB064C98683}\5
OR
{26EE0668-A00A-44D7-9371-BEB064C98683}\10
User Accounts {26EE0668-A00A-44D7-9371-BEB064C98683}\9
Control Panel (always Icons view) {21EC2020-3AEA-1069-A2DD-08002B30309D}
Credential Manager {1206F5F1-0569-412C-8FEC-3204630DFB70}
Date and Time {E2E7934B-DCE5-43C4-9576-7FE4F75E7480}
Default Programs {17cd9488-1228-4b2f-88ce-4298e93e0966}
Default Apps page in Settings {17cd9488-1228-4b2f-88ce-4298e93e0966}\pageDefaultProgram
Default Apps page in Settings {17cd9488-1228-4b2f-88ce-4298e93e0966}\pageFileAssoc
delegate folder that appears in Computer {b155bdf8-02f0-451e-9a26-ae317cfd7779}
Desktop (folder) {B4BFCC3A-DB2C-424C-B029-7FE99A87C641}
Device Manager {74246bfc-4c96-11d0-abef-0020af6b0b7a}
Devices and Printers {A8A91A66-3A7D-4424-8D24-04E180695C7A}
Documents (folder) {A8CDFF1C-4878-43be-B5FD-F8091C1C60D0}
OR
{d3162b92-9365-467a-956b-92703aca08af}
Downloads (folder) {088e3905-0323-4b02-9826-5d99428e115f}
OR
{374DE290-123F-4565-9164-39C4925E467B}
Ease of Access Center {D555645E-D4F8-4c29-A827-D93C859C4F2A}
Use the computer without a display {D555645E-D4F8-4c29-A827-D93C859C4F2A}\pageNoVisual
Make the computer easier to see {D555645E-D4F8-4c29-A827-D93C859C4F2A}\pageEasierToSee
Use the computer without a mouse or keyboard {D555645E-D4F8-4c29-A827-D93C859C4F2A}\pageNoMouseOrKeyboard
Make the mouse easier to use {D555645E-D4F8-4c29-A827-D93C859C4F2A}\pageEasierToClick
Set up Mouse Keys {D555645E-D4F8-4c29-A827-D93C859C4F2A}\pageMouseKeysSettings
Make the keyboard easier to use {D555645E-D4F8-4c29-A827-D93C859C4F2A}\pageKeyboardEasierToUse
Use text or visual alternatives for sounds {D555645E-D4F8-4c29-A827-D93C859C4F2A}\pageEasierWithSounds
Make it easier to focus on tasks {D555645E-D4F8-4c29-A827-D93C859C4F2A}\pageEasierToReadAndWrite
Set up Filter Keys {D555645E-D4F8-4c29-A827-D93C859C4F2A}\pageFilterKeysSettings
Set up Sticky Keys {D555645E-D4F8-4c29-A827-D93C859C4F2A}\pageStickyKeysSettings
Get recommendations to make your computer easier to use (cognitive) {D555645E-D4F8-4c29-A827-D93C859C4F2A}\pageQuestionsCognitive
Get recommendations to make your computer easier to use (eyesight) {D555645E-D4F8-4c29-A827-D93C859C4F2A}\pageQuestionsEyesight
Set up Repeat and Slow Keys {D555645E-D4F8-4c29-A827-D93C859C4F2A}\pageRepeatRateSlowKeysSettings
E-mail (default e-mail program) {2559a1f5-21d7-11d4-bdaf-00c04f60b9f0}
Favorites {323CA680-C24D-4099-B94D-446DD2D7249E}
File Explorer Options {6DFD7C5C-2451-11d3-A299-00C04F8EF6AF}
File History {F6B6E965-E9B2-444B-9286-10C9152EDBC5}
Folder Options {6DFD7C5C-2451-11d3-A299-00C04F8EF6AF}
Font Settings {93412589-74D4-4E4E-AD0E-E0CB621440FD}
Fonts (folder) {BD84B380-8CA2-1069-AB1D-08000948F534}
Frequent folders {3936E9E4-D92C-4EEE-A85A-BC16D5EA0819}
Games Explorer {ED228FDF-9EA8-4870-83b1-96b02CFE0D52}
Get Programs {15eae92e-f17a-4431-9f28-805e482dafd4}
Help and Support {2559a1f1-21d7-11d4-bdaf-00c04f60b9f0}
Hyper-V Remote File Browsing {0907616E-F5E6-48D8-9D61-A91C3D28106D}
Indexing Options {87D66A43-7B11-4A28-9811-C86EE395ACF7}
Infared (if installed) {A0275511-0E86-4ECA-97C2-ECD8F1221D08}
Installed Updates {d450a8a1-9568-45c7-9c0e-b4f9fb4537bd}
Intel Rapid Storage Technology (if installed) {E342F0FE-FF1C-4c41-BE37-A0271FC90396}
Internet Options (Internet Explorer) {A3DD4F92-658A-410F-84FD-6FBBBEF2FFFE}
Keyboard Properties {725BE8F7-668E-4C7B-8F90-46BDB0936430}
Libraries {031E4825-7B94-4dc3-B131-E946B44C8DD5}
Location Information (Phone and Modem Control Panel) {40419485-C444-4567-851A-2DD7BFA1684D}
Location Settings {E9950154-C418-419e-A90A-20C5287AE24B}
Media Servers {289AF617-1CC3-42A6-926C-E6A863F0E3BA}
Mouse Properties {6C8EEC18-8D75-41B2-A177-8831D59D2D50}
Music (folder) {1CF1260C-4DD0-4ebb-811F-33C572699FDE}
OR
{3dfdf296-dbec-4fb4-81d1-6a3438bcf4de}
My Documents {450D8FBA-AD25-11D0-98A8-0800361B1103}
netplwiz {7A9D77BD-5403-11d2-8785-2E0420524153}
Network {F02C1A0D-BE21-4350-88B0-7367FC96EF3C}
Network and Sharing Center {8E908FC9-BECC-40f6-915B-F4CA0E70D03D}
Advanced sharing settings {8E908FC9-BECC-40f6-915B-F4CA0E70D03D}\Advanced
Media streaming options {8E908FC9-BECC-40f6-915B-F4CA0E70D03D}\ShareMedia
Network Connections {7007ACC7-3202-11D1-AAD2-00805FC1270E}
OR
{992CFFA0-F557-101A-88EC-00DD010CCC48}
Network (WorkGroup) {208D2C60-3AEA-1069-A2D7-08002B30309D}
Notification Area Icons {05d7b0f4-2121-4eff-bf6b-ed3f69b894d9}
NVIDIA Control Panel (if installed) {0bbca823-e77d-419e-9a44-5adec2c8eeb0}
Offline Files Folder {AFDB1F70-2A4C-11d2-9039-00C04F8EEB3E}
OneDrive {018D5C66-4533-4307-9B53-224DE2ED1FE6}
Pen and Touch {F82DF8F7-8B9F-442E-A48C-818EA735FF9B}
Personalization {ED834ED6-4B5A-4bfe-8F11-A626DCB6A921}
Color and Appearance {ED834ED6-4B5A-4bfe-8F11-A626DCB6A921}\pageColorization
Desktop Background {ED834ED6-4B5A-4bfe-8F11-A626DCB6A921}\pageWallpaper
Pictures (folder) {24ad3ad4-a569-4530-98e1-ab02f9417aa8}
OR
{3ADD1653-EB32-4cb0-BBD7-DFA0ABB5ACCA}
Portable Devices {35786D3C-B075-49b9-88DD-029876E11C01}
Power Options {025A5937-A6BE-4686-A844-36FE4BEC8B6D}
Create a power plan {025A5937-A6BE-4686-A844-36FE4BEC8B6D}\pageCreateNewPlan
Edit Plan Settings {025A5937-A6BE-4686-A844-36FE4BEC8B6D}\pagePlanSettings
System Settings {025A5937-A6BE-4686-A844-36FE4BEC8B6D}\pageGlobalSettings
Previous Versions Results Folder {f8c2ab3b-17bc-41da-9758-339d7dbf2d88}
printhood delegate folder {ed50fc29-b964-48a9-afb3-15ebb9b97f36}
Printers {2227A280-3AEA-1069-A2DE-08002B30309D}
OR
{863aa9fd-42df-457b-8e4d-0de1b8015c60}
Problem Reporting Settings {BB64F8A7-BEE7-4E1A-AB8D-7D8273F7FDB6}\pageSettings
Programs and Features {7b81be6a-ce2b-4676-a29e-eb907a5126c5}
Public (folder) {4336a54d-038b-4685-ab02-99bb52d3fb8b}
Quick access {679f85cb-0220-4080-b29b-5540cc05aab6}
Recent folders {22877a6d-37a1-461a-91b0-dbda5aaebc99}
Recent Items Instance Folder {4564b25e-30cd-4787-82ba-39e73a750b14}
Recovery {9FE63AFD-59CF-4419-9775-ABCC3849F861}
Recycle Bin {645FF040-5081-101B-9F08-00AA002F954E}
Region {62D8ED13-C9D0-4CE8-A914-47DD628FB1B0}
Reliability Monitor {BB64F8A7-BEE7-4E1A-AB8D-7D8273F7FDB6}\pageReliabilityView
Remote Assistance {C58C4893-3BE0-4B45-ABB5-A63E4B8C8651}\raPage
RemoteApp and Desktop Connections {241D7C96-F8BF-4F85-B01F-E2B043341A4B}
Connection Properties {241D7C96-F8BF-4F85-B01F-E2B043341A4B}\PropertiesPage
Remote Printers {863aa9fd-42df-457b-8e4d-0de1b8015c60}
Removable Drives {F5FB2C77-0E2F-4A16-A381-3E560C68BC83}
Removable Storage Devices {a6482830-08eb-41e2-84c1-73920c2badb9}
Results Folder {2965e715-eb66-4719-b53f-1672673bbefa}
Run {2559a1f3-21d7-11d4-bdaf-00c04f60b9f0}
Search (File Explorer) {9343812e-1c37-4a49-a12e-4b2d810d956b}
Search (Windows) {2559a1f8-21d7-11d4-bdaf-00c04f60b9f0}
Security and Maintenance {BB64F8A7-BEE7-4E1A-AB8D-7D8273F7FDB6}
Advanced Problem Reporting Settings {BB64F8A7-BEE7-4E1A-AB8D-7D8273F7FDB6}\pageAdvSettings
Change Security and Maintenance settings {BB64F8A7-BEE7-4E1A-AB8D-7D8273F7FDB6}\Settings
Problem Details {BB64F8A7-BEE7-4E1A-AB8D-7D8273F7FDB6}\pageReportDetails
Problem Reporting Settings {BB64F8A7-BEE7-4E1A-AB8D-7D8273F7FDB6}\pageSettings
Problem Reports {BB64F8A7-BEE7-4E1A-AB8D-7D8273F7FDB6}\pageProblems
Reliability Monitor {BB64F8A7-BEE7-4E1A-AB8D-7D8273F7FDB6}\pageReliabilityView
Set Program Access and Computer Defaults {2559a1f7-21d7-11d4-bdaf-00c04f60b9f0}
Show Desktop {3080F90D-D7AD-11D9-BD98-0000947B0257}
Sound {F2DDFC82-8F12-4CDD-B7DC-D4FE1425AA4D}
Speech Recognition {58E3C745-D971-4081-9034-86E34B30836A}
Storage Spaces {F942C606-0914-47AB-BE56-1321B8035096}
Sync Center {9C73F5E5-7AE7-4E32-A8E8-8D23B85255BF}
Sync Setup {9C73F5E5-7AE7-4E32-A8E8-8D23B85255BF}\::{F1390A9A-A3F4-4E5D-9C5F-98F3BD8D935C}
Sync Setup Folder {2E9E59C0-B437-4981-A647-9C34B9B90891}
System {BB06C0E4-D293-4f75-8A90-CB05B6477EEE}
System Icons {05d7b0f4-2121-4eff-bf6b-ed3f69b894d9}\SystemIcons
System Restore {3f6bc534-dfa1-4ab4-ae54-ef25a74e0107}
Tablet PC Settings {80F3F1D5-FECA-45F3-BC32-752C152E456E}
Task View {3080F90E-D7AD-11D9-BD98-0000947B0257}
Taskbar and Navigation properties {0DF44EAA-FF21-4412-828E-260A8728E7F1}
Taskbar page in Settings {0DF44EAA-FF21-4412-828E-260A8728E7F1}
Text to Speech {D17D1D6D-CC3F-4815-8FE3-607E7D5D10B3}
This Device {5b934b42-522b-4c34-bbfe-37a3ef7b9c90}
This PC {20D04FE0-3AEA-1069-A2D8-08002B30309D}
Troubleshooting {C58C4893-3BE0-4B45-ABB5-A63E4B8C8651}
Additional Information {C58C4893-3BE0-4B45-ABB5-A63E4B8C8651}\resultPage
All Categories {C58C4893-3BE0-4B45-ABB5-A63E4B8C8651}\listAllPage
Change Settings {C58C4893-3BE0-4B45-ABB5-A63E4B8C8651}\settingPage
History {C58C4893-3BE0-4B45-ABB5-A63E4B8C8651}\historyPage
Search Troubleshooting {C58C4893-3BE0-4B45-ABB5-A63E4B8C8651}\searchPage
Troubleshoot problems - Hardware and Sound {C58C4893-3BE0-4B45-ABB5-A63E4B8C8651}\devices
Troubleshoot problems - Network and Internet {C58C4893-3BE0-4B45-ABB5-A63E4B8C8651}\network
Troubleshoot problems - Programs {C58C4893-3BE0-4B45-ABB5-A63E4B8C8651}\applications
Troubleshoot problems - System and Security {C58C4893-3BE0-4B45-ABB5-A63E4B8C8651}\system
User Accounts {60632754-c523-4b62-b45c-4172da012619}
Change Your Name {60632754-c523-4b62-b45c-4172da012619}\pageRenameMyAccount
Manage Accounts {60632754-c523-4b62-b45c-4172da012619}\pageAdminTasks
User Accounts (netplwiz) {7A9D77BD-5403-11d2-8785-2E0420524153}
User Pinned {1f3427c8-5c10-4210-aa03-2ee45287d668}
%UserProfile% {59031a47-3f72-44a7-89c5-5595fe6b30ee}
Videos (folder) {A0953C92-50DC-43bf-BE83-3742FED03C9C}
OR
{f86fa3ab-70d2-4fc7-9c99-fcbf05467f3a}
Web browser (default) {871C5380-42A0-1069-A2EA-08002B30309D}
Windows Defender Firewall {4026492F-2F69-46B8-B9BF-5654FC07E423}
Allowed apps {4026492F-2F69-46B8-B9BF-5654FC07E423}\pageConfigureApps
Customize Settings {4026492F-2F69-46B8-B9BF-5654FC07E423}\PageConfigureSettings
Restore defaults {4026492F-2F69-46B8-B9BF-5654FC07E423}\PageRestoreDefaults
Windows Mobility Center {5ea4f148-308c-46d7-98a9-49041b1dd468}
Windows Features {67718415-c450-4f3c-bf8a-b487642dc39b}
Windows To Go {8E0C279D-0BD1-43C3-9EBD-31C3DC5B8A77}
Work Folders {ECDB0924-4208-451E-8EE0-373C0956DE16}

Systemverwaltung

  • appwiz.cpl Startet “Add or Remove Programs”
  • certmgr.msc Zertifikat - Manager (Certificate Store)
  • ciadv.msc Indexdienst
  • cleanmgr.exe Datenträgerbereinigung
  • Clipbrd Zwischenablage
  • cmd.exe Eingabeaufforderung
  • comexp.msc Komponentendienste
  • compmgmt.msc Computerverwaltung
  • control userpasswords2 Benutzerkonten
  • devmgmt.msc Geräte-Manager
  • dfrg.msc Defragmentierung
  • diskmgmt.msc Datenträgerverwaltung
  • Driverquery Lister aller aktiven Treiber
  • drwtsn32.exe Dr. Watson
  • eventvwr.msc Ereignisanzeige
  • fsmgmt.msc Freigegebene Ordner
  • gpedit.msc Gruppenrichtlinien - Editor
  • ias.msc Internetauthentifizierungsdienst
  • lusrmgr.msc Benutzer und Gruppen
  • msconfig.exe Systemkonfigurationsprogramm
  • mstsc.exe Remotedesktopverbindung
  • narrator.exe Sprachausgabe
  • ntbackup.exe Sicherungs - Wiederherstellungs - Assistent
  • ntmsmgr.msc Wechselmedienverwaltung
  • ntmsoprq.msc Übersicht über Wechselmedien
  • odbcad32.exe ODBC-Datenquellen-Administrator
  • Osk Bildschirmtastatur
  • perfmon.msc Systemmonitor
  • regedit.exe Registrierungs - Editor
  • secpol.msc Sicherheitseinstellungen
  • services.msc Diensteverwaltung
  • shrpubw.exe Freigabe erstellen
  • sigverif.exe Dateisignaturverifizierung
  • Sysedit Systemkonfigurationseditor
  • syskey.exe Sichern der XP Kontodatenbank
  • taskmgr.exe Task - Manager
  • winchat.exe Windows Chat
  • Windbver.exe SQL-Server
  • wmimgmt.msc WMI-Steuerung
  • adsiedit.msc Microsoft Management Console (MMC)-SnapIn
  • dfsgui.msc DFS (verteiltes Dateisystem)
  • dhcpmgmt.msc DHCP Admin
  • dnsmgmt.msc DNS Manager
  • dsa.msc Active Directory
  • iis.msc bzw. inetmgr IIS Verwaltung nur bei installiertem IIS
  • Mmc leere Management-Konsole
  • mscorfcg.msc mmc snapin
  • rrasmgmt.msc Routing und RAS
  • winsmgmt.msc WINS

Windows Shortcuts

  • [Windows-Taste] – Zwischen Metro-Programm und dem Metro-Startmenü wechseln
  • [Windows-Taste]+[Leertaste] -  Eingabesprache und Tastaturlayout ändern
  • [Windows-Taste]+[Y] – Windows-Desktop kurzzeitig anzeigen
  • [Windows-Taste]+[D] - Desktop anzeigen
  • [Windows-Taste]+[O] – Bildschirmorientierung/-ausrichtung arretieren (Kippsensor deaktivieren)
  • [Windows-Taste]+[V] – Vorwärts durch Toasts blättern
  • [Windows-Taste]+[Shift/Umschalten]+[V] – Rückwärts durch Toasts blättern
  • [Windows-Taste]+[Return/Enter] - Narrator starten
  • [Windows-Taste]+[Bild rauf] – Kachel nach links schieben
  • [Windows-Taste]+[Bild runter] – Kachel nach rechts schieben
  • [Windows-Taste]+[Shift/Umschalten]+[.] – Aufteilung nach links schieben
  • [Windows-Taste]+[.] – Aufteilung nach rechts schieben
  • [Windows-Taste]+[L] - Windows 8 sperren
  • [Windows-Taste]+[F] – Suchen-App starten
  • [Windows-Taste]+[C] – Charms Bar (Metro-Startmenü) öffnen
  • [Windows-Taste]+[I] – Charm Bar (Metro-Sidebar) öffnen, um Windows 8 zum Beispiel herunterzufahren (Befehl “Power | Shut down”)
  • [Windows-Taste]+[K] – Connect Charm öffnen
  • [Windows-Taste]+[H] – Apps-Suche unter dem Metro-Startmenü öffnen
  • [Windows-Taste]+[Q]  - Apps-Übersicht einblenden
  • [Windows-Taste]+[W] – Einstellungen für Such-App öffnen
  • [Windows-Taste]+[Z] - App Bar öffnen

Kombination aus Maus- und Tastaturtaste für Desktopobjekte

  • UMSCHALT+RECHTE MAUSTASTE: Kontextmenü anzeigen, das alternative Befehle enthält
  • UMSCHALT+DOPPELKLICK: Alternativen Standardbefehl (zweites Element im Menü) ausführen
  • ALT+DOPPELKLICK: Eigenschaften anzeigen
  • UMSCHALT+ENTF: Objekt sofort löschen, ohne es im Papierkorb abzulegen

Tastenkombinationen für Desktop, Arbeitsplatz und Windows Explorer

Bei einem ausgewählten Objekt:

  • F2: Objekt umbenennen
  • F3: Alle Dateien suchen
  • UMSCHALT+ENTF: Markiertes Element sofort löschen, ohne es im Papierkorb abzulegen
  • ALT+EINGABE: Eigenschaftenfenster für das markierte Objekt öffnen

Allgemeine Tastaturbefehle

  • F1: Windows-Hilfe anzeigen
  • F10: Optionen der Menüleiste aktivieren
  • UMSCHALT+F10: Kontextmenü für das ausgewählte Objekt öffnen (entspricht dem Klicken mit der rechten Maustaste auf ein Objekt)
  • STRG+ESC: Das Menü Start öffnen (wählen Sie über die Pfeiltasten ein Objekt aus)
  • STRG+ESC oder ESC: Wählt die Schaltfläche Start aus (Die TAB-Taste drücken, um die Taskleiste auszuwählen, oder UMSCHALT+F10 drücken, um ein Kontextmenü zu öffnen)
  • STRG+UMSCHALT+ESC: Windows Task-Manager öffnen
  • ALT+NACH-UNTEN-PFEIL: Dropdown-Listenfeld öffnen
  • ALT+TAB: Zu einer anderen laufenden Anwendung wechseln (zum Anzeigen des Programmwechselfensters die ALT-Taste gedrückt halten und anschließend die TAB-Taste drücken)
  • UMSCHALTTASTE: Die UMSCHALTTASTE beim Einlegen einer CD-ROM gedrückt halten, um die automatische Wiedergabe zu umgehen
  • ALT+LEERTASTE: Systemmenü des Hauptfensters anzeigen (im Systemmenü können Sie das Fenster wiederherstellen, verschieben, die Größe ändern, minimieren, maximieren oder schließen)
  • ALT+- (ALT+Bindestrich): Systemmenü des untergeordneten MDI-Fensters (Multiple Document Interface) anzeigen (im Systemmenü des untergeordneten MDI-Fensters können Sie das untergeordnete Fenster wiederherstellen, verschieben, die Größe ändern, minimieren, maximieren oder schließen)
  • STRG+TAB: Zum nächsten untergeordneten Fenster einer MDI-Anwendung (Multiple Document Interface) wechseln
  • ALT+unterstrichener Buchstabe im Menü: Entsprechendes Menü öffnen
  • ALT+F4: Aktuelles Fenster schließen
  • STRG+F4: Aktuelles MDI-Fenster (Multiple Document Interface) schließen
  • ALT+F6: Zwischen mehreren Fenstern in der gleichen Anwendung wechseln (wird beispielsweise im Editor das Dialogfeld Suchen angezeigt, können Sie mit ALT+F6 zwischen dem Dialogfeld Suchen und dem Hauptfenster des Editors wechseln)

Tastenkombinationen für Eingabehilfen

  • UMSCHALTTASTE fünfmal drücken: Einrastfunktion ein- und ausschalten
  • Rechte UMSCHALTTASTE 8 Sekunden lang gedrückt halten: Anschlagverzögerung ein- und ausschalten
  • NUM-Taste 5 Sekunden lang gedrückt halten: Statusanzeige ein- und ausschalten
  • Linke ALT-Taste und linke UMSCHALTTASTE+NUM-Taste: Tastaturmaus ein- und ausschalten

Linke ALT-Taste und linke UMSCHALTTASTE+DRUCK-Taste: Kontrast ein- und ausschalten

Environment Variables

  • %ALLUSERSPROFILE% (%PROGRAMDATA%) --> C:\ProgramData
  • %APPDATA% --> C:\Users{username}\AppData\Roaming
  • %COMPUTERNAME% --> hostname
  • %COMMONPROGRAMFILES% --> C:\Program Files\Common Files
  • %COMMONPROGRAMFILES(x86)% --> C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files
  • %COMSPEC% --> Pfad zum Kommandozeilen-Interpreter
  • %HOMEDRIVE% --> C:\
  • %HOMEPATH% --> \Users{username}
  • %LOCALAPPDATA% --> C:\Users{username}\AppData\Local
  • %PROGRAMFILES% --> C:\Program Files
  • %PROGRAMFILES(X86)% --> C:\Program Files (x86)
  • %USERPROFILE% --> C:\Users{username}
  • %WINDIR% --> C:\Windows
  • %PUBLIC% --> C:\Users\Public
  • %PSModulePath% --> %SystemRoot%\system32\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\Modules\
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